Sedated and Elated: Treatment Tactics for Refractory Agitation

Agitation is a common occurrence in critically ill and palliative patients, and can be secondary to delirium, pain, and/or mechanical ventilation. Delirium, and associated agitation, is not only distressing to both patients and their families, it also increases a patient’s hospital stay, morbidity, and mortality. Agitation management includes pharmacological sedation with the use of antipsychotics, opioids, benzodiazepines, and propofol, but what are additional options when agitation persists? This course will review the role of ketamine, dexmedetomidine, phenobarbital, valproic acid, lithium, and novel approaches with antipsychotics to manage refractory agitation.

Additional Information

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PDF icon Slides and Disclosures4.24 MB
Course summary
Available credit: 
  • 1.00 AAFP
  • 1.00 AANP
  • 1.00 ACCME (All Other)
  • 1.00 ACCME (MD/DO Only)
  • 1.00 ACPE Pharmacy
  • 1.00 ANCC
  • 1.00 APA
Course opens: 
06/01/2021
Course expires: 
06/01/2022
Rating: 
0

Available Credit

  • 1.00 AAFP
  • 1.00 AANP
  • 1.00 ACCME (All Other)
  • 1.00 ACCME (MD/DO Only)
  • 1.00 ACPE Pharmacy
  • 1.00 ANCC
  • 1.00 APA
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Required Hardware/software

A computer with an internet connection
Internet Browser: Internet Explorer 7.x or higher, Firefox 4.x or higher, Safari 2.x or higher, or any other W3C standards compliant browser
Other additional software may be required such as PowerPoint or Adobe Acrobat Reader.